Top 10 Indian Scientists Who Changed the World are: –
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman who will be remembered for his pioneering work on scattering of light which even won him the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. He introduced the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam and discovered that when light traverses a transparent medium some of the deflected light changes in wavelength called Raman scattering.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha, father of Indian nuclear power, will always be remembered for his work in the Quantum Theory and was the first person to become the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India. He introduced nuclear programme in India by convincing top political leaders in including Jawaharlal Nehru. His death is still considered as a great conspiracy.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a notable Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore, was awarded with the Indian Republic’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna. He introduced ‘automatic sluice gates’ and ‘block irrigation system’ which are still considered to be marvels in engineering. His birthday is celebrated as engineer’s day in India.
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, a globally renowned space scientist and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, was an internationally acclaimed Astrophysicist and known for his design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats.
S. Chandrashekar was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes in 1983. He was nephew of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He introduced the radiation of energy from stars.
Satyendra Nath Bose will always be remembered for his work in quantum mechanics and was awarded by the Government of India awarded him India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954.
Srinivasa Ramanujan, an Indian mathematician and autodidact, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. His birthday 22nd December is celebrated as ‘State IT Day’ by Tamil Nadu.
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, a polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, father of Bengali science fiction and father of open technology as he was against patenting his work, has pioneered the study of radio, microwave optics and introduced wireless communication by detecting radio signals through the use of semiconductor junctions. He will be remembered for his contributions to the study of plants and the foundation of experimental science in the Indian sub-continent. He invented crescograph to measure plant response to various stimuli and hypothesized that plants can feel pain, understand affection etc.
Vikram Sarabhai, the Father of India’s space programme, was instrumental in the setting up of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) by convincing the Indian government of the importance of a space programme and many other Indian institutes of repute, most notably the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM-A) and the Nehru Foundation for Development. He was awarded with the Padma Bhushan in 1972 by the government of India.
Dr. Har Gobind Khorana, an Indian-American biochemist, was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1968. He researched the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. He introduced the synthesis of an artificial gene in a living cell which became the foundation for much of the later research in biotechnology and gene therapy.